Kids need opportunities to play both alone and with other children. This will ensure that motor skills, cognitive skills and social skills all have a chance to develop and flourish. Play is one of the ways children learn about and practice living in their world and their culture. It also helps children to manage their feelings and to cope with upsetting things that happen in their lives. Play helps build relationships.
Physical activities improve motor skills. Toys and activities that encourage them to use their imaginations can help them develop cognitive skills. And group activities enhance social skills.
List of various kind of plays and how they help in skill development among children.
Intellectual development (learning)
- Sorting toys - learning about number and grouping
- Puzzles - learning about shapes, sizes, number
- Posting boxes - learning about space and size
- Hitting a mobile and making it move - learning about cause and effect
- Card games and board games
- Making up games
- Pushing and pulling toys
- Riding on toys
- Picking up small things
- Throwing and catching
- Climbing toys
- Using crayons or paint brushes
- Writing Computer games
- Hitting balls
- Playing alongside others and watching them
- Playing with others
- Playing mothers and fathers
- Copying adults and practising adult tasks and roles
- Water, paint and mud - expresses feelings Music - relaxes and expresses feelings
- Pretend play - dressing up Games with rules (eg hopscotch, card games, ball games)
- Stories and books
- Nursery rhymes
- Games with friends and adults
- Talking to each other
- Listening to tapes
More useful links and online sites:
* The Role of Pretend Play in Children's Cognitive Development
* How to accelerate fine motor skill development among children?